Kansas 105

1911-1920 Timeline


Aug. 27 — The Cathedral of the Plains, named by 19th century politician William Jennings Bryan, is dedicated at Victoria.

Sept. 11 — A.K. Longren makes a 20-minute flight over Topeka, becoming the first to successfully fly in a Kansas-made aircraft over Kansas land.


Eugene V. Debs, is named chancellor of the Socialist People's College at Fort Scott.


Henry Roe Cloud founds the Roe Institute in Wichita, later named the American Indian Institute, one of the first American Indian high schools in the nation.

Henry J. Allen, publisher of The Wichita Beacon, and his wife, Elsie, commission Frank Lloyd Wright to design their house in College Hill.

Oct. 9 — The Wichita Natural Gas Co. drills Stapleton oil well No. 1 northwest of El Dorado, opening one of the richest oil fields in the nation. The well becomes the first discovered using geologic surveys and geologists. The field becomes a major source of oil for the Allied effort during World War I and is the reason men with names such as Derby, Vickers and Sinclair quickly became powerful.


During the winter, Clyde Cessna begins building the first planes constructed in Wichita.


March 26 — Robert F. Stroud, later known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz," murders a prison guard in the Leavenworth Penitentiary.

July 7 — Iris Calderhead, daughter of a Kansas congressman, is arrested in front of the White House in a women's suffrage demonstration.

Nov. 1 — Cecil Brown of Chanute is the first member of the American Expeditionary Force from Kansas to die in World War I.

Fall — The first season to hunt pheasants begins.


April 4 — Nellie Cline of Larned becomes the first female attorney to address the U.S. Supreme Court.

Oct. 6 — Wichitan Lt. Erwin Bleckley dies in a plane crash in France's Argonne Forest while dropping supplies of chocolate, bandages and ammunition from the cockpit to Lost Battalion soldiers.

Nov. 9 — Kansas Gov. Arthur Capper proclaims Gas Mask Day, asking Kansans to collect fruit seed pits and nut shells to make gas masks.

Nov. 11 — Parades all over Kansas mark the end of World War I. Approximately 83,000 Kansans served in the war.


Emanuel and Marcet Haldeman-Julius publish "The Little Blue Books." The Girard couple also publish the newspaper "Appeal to Reason," which supported socialism.

July 4 — Jack Dempsey wins the world heavyweight boxing title from Kansan Jess Willard of Pottawatomie County. Willard won the title in 1915.

Sept. 26 — 100,000 Kansans gather to hear President Woodrow Wilson speak. But Wilson is seriously ill the morning his train pulls into Wichita and never leaves the presidential car. Wilson suffers a partial stroke as his train travels through western Kansas. He never regains his health and serves the remainder of his term as an invalid.

Dec. 21 — Dr. John R. Brinkley reports he has performed successful goat-gland operations on men and women.


Wichita becomes the gathering spot for large church camp revivals at the Kansas Holiness Association, 2353 S. Water.

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