A series of dust storms that hit the Great Plains in the 1930s gave the era the nickname The Dirty Thirties. The worst of the storms fell on April 14, 1935, Palm Sunday, known as Black Sunday.
The dust storms of the 1930's rank nationally among the most significant events of the 20th century, according to the National Weather Service.
Iconic books and songs would be written, such as John Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath" and Woody Guthrie's "Dust Pneumonia Blues."
The years 1934 through 1936 were marked by periods of extreme heat and drought, according to Chance Hayes, warning coordination meteorologist for the National Weather Service in Wichita.
The Black Sunday storm carried dust from the Plains states to New York and Washington, D.C., allowing politicians to see first-hand how the farmers in Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas had been living.
One of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's advisers, Hugh Hammond Bennett, was speaking before Congress about the need for soil conservation legislation when the dust settled in Washington, D.C.
"This, gentlemen, is what I have been talking about," Hammond told the legislators.
Question: On April 27, 1935, what legislation did Congress pass that would eventually help tame the dusty soil?
Answer to Saturday’s question: Up until the 1950s, the Internal Revenue Service would fill out tax returns for people who went to a local IRS office. After the 1954 tax season, the service was discontinued.
Check back at Kansas.com on Monday for the answer to today’s question.