Secretary of State Kris Kobach was among six Republican secretaries of state to join Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., at the Heritage Foundation in Washington, D.C., earlier this month to warn against the national popular vote movement, which was motivated by Al Gore's 2000 loss of the presidency despite winning the popular vote. Eight states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation pledging to award their 132 electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the popular vote nationally, even if another candidate wins the majority in their states. For the initiative to take effect, states with a total of at least 270 electoral votes would have to sign on. McConnell called it an "absurd and dangerous concept" that could lead to endless recounts and litigation and a constitutional crisis. Kobach warned that if the national popular vote prevails, "the incentive for voter fraud increases dramatically overall because you can just go to the state that is the weakest link in the chain and has the lowest protections against voter fraud and run up a huge number of fraudulently cast votes in that state much more effectively than going to a battleground state."