Turns out the cynics were correct in saying that the Bush administration manipulated terrorism threat warnings for political gain. Former Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge's wrote in his new memoir, "The Test of Our Times," that the weekend before the 2004 presidential election, Defense Secretary Don Rumsfeld and Attorney General John Ashcroft pushed him to raise the color-coded warning for political reasons. "I consider the episode to be not only a dramatic moment in Washington's recent history, but another illustration of the intersection of politics, fear, credibility and security," wrote Ridge, who resigned shortly after the incident. Some other claims by Ridge that don't reflect well on the Bush administration: Ridge wasn’t invited to sit in on National Security Council meetings, was “blindsided” by the FBI in morning Oval Office meetings because the agency withheld information from him, and tried to block Michael Brown from being named to lead FEMA.
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