Over the past decade, Goddard and Maize have joined the list of the state's 100 most populous cities, new census estimates show.
Since 2000, the city of Kechi has risen 68 spots — from 198th to 130th — in the ranking of the state's 627 cities.
The decade saw Park City pass Bel Aire to become the fourth-largest city in Sedgwick County. Valley Center passed Mulvane and is now the county's sixth-largest.
The population estimates, which were released last month, show that while most areas of rural Kansas continued to see population declines during the decade, some of the fastest growth has been in the suburbs around Wichita.
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The figures are the last city population estimates to be released by the U.S. Census Bureau before official 2010 figures are released next spring.
Although there were few changes among the state's largest cities, the estimates show that during the decade Manhattan surpassed Hutchinson and is now the state's eighth-largest city.
Peter Haxton, the state data center coordinator for Kansas, said the first batch of 2010 census data is scheduled to be released in February, when the first raw population counts will be distributed.
More detailed data, which includes age, race and gender numbers, will be released from June through August.
There will be no long-form data from the 2010 census, Haxton said. The American Community Survey, which samples 3 million households a year, has taken the place of the census long form.
Haxton said census estimates can be expected to grow less reliable as they get further from the base 2000 census data. But he said he expects the latest estimates to be close for most geographic areas.
If the estimates are accurate, here's what to expect:
* Goddard will have doubled in size between 2000 and 2010. The estimates show that the city grew 98.7 percent from 2000 through 2009.
* Kansas will have dropped one spot — from 32nd to 33rd — in the population ranking of states. The estimates show that Arkansas, with 2.89 million residents, has moved ahead of Kansas, with 2.82 million.
* If current population growth rates continue, Kansas will remain the 33rd-largest state in the 2020 census. During that decade, Kansas will be passed in population by Utah, which had 2.78 million residents in 2009, and Nevada, which had 2.64 million. During that decade, Kansas should surpass Iowa, which had 3.01 million residents in 2009, and Mississippi, which had 2.95 million.
There were no major changes in the rankings of Kansas counties from 2000 to 2009, the estimates show.
Riley and Butler counties surpassed Reno County and are now the eighth- and ninth-largest in the state.
Harvey County rose from 16th to 14th in size, while Sumner County dropped from 23rd to 24th.
The four cities that joined the top 100 for the first time were Goddard, Maize, Basehor and South Hutchinson.
The four cities that dropped off the list were Eureka, Sabetha, Phillipsburg and Fredonia.
The 2010 census will include data from one city — Parkerfield — that didn't exist in 2000. The city, which is just east of Arkansas City, was incorporated in 2004 and had an estimated population of 338 in 2009.
The new estimates show that the city of Freeport, which is 10 miles northeast of Anthony in Harper County, continues to be the state's smallest city. It had seven residents in 2009.
The Rice County city of Frederick, with 11 residents, and the Harper County city of Waldron, with 15, were the second- and third-smallest cities in the state.