Petco, one of the country’s largest pet retailers, announced Monday that it has pulled all Chinese-made dog and cat treats from its shelves, citing concerns that the foreign-made pet foods could be linked to a series of unexplained sicknesses and deaths among dogs in the United States.
The move, the first by a national pet store, comes despite the Food and Drug Administration’s inability to tie the illnesses to Chinese-made pet foods. And there’s reason to believe it might signify the beginning of swift industry-wide precautionary movement away from such imports.
Thousands of pets have fallen ill since 2007, and hundreds more have died. In all, the FDA has fielded about 5,000 complaints of pet illnesses tied to the consumption of chicken, duck and vegetable jerky treats made in China. But despite testing more than a thousand samples, inspecting factories in China and soliciting third-party input, the agency has yet to establish the cause.
Pet retailers have begun to act, despite the lack of a solid link.
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In May, Petco announced it would start taking steps to remove China-made dog and cat treats.
“We know some pet parents are wary of dog and cat treats made in China, especially Chicken Jerky products, and we’ve heard their concerns,” said Jim Myers, Petco’s chief executive, in a statement.
Petco has not carried any dog or cat food from China for several years. The announcement Monday applies only to treats – in particularly ones made with jerky and rawhide, according to Lily Gluzberg, a spokeswoman for the company. Petco is also expanding its offering of treats made in the United States.
PetSmart, which, like Petco, operates more than 1,300 stores nationally, has already pledged to remove all Chinese-made treats from its stores by spring.
Together, PetSmart and Petco control more than half of the pet-supplies market in the United States, according to data from market research firm IBISWorld. The rest of the industry is controlled by smaller family-owned stores, franchises and chains, many of which will probably be cornered into following suit – if they don’t already shy away from Chinese-made treats – especially if consumer fears continue to grow.
Even Nestle Purina and Del Monte, which own brands such as Waggin’ Train and Milo’s Kitchen, stopped selling chicken jerky dog treats made in China back in 2012, calling the shift precautionary.
Growing concerns over the possibility of contamination have come amid a boom in Chinese dog and cat food imports. Chinese cat and dog food imports ballooned to some 86 million pounds in 2011, the most recent year for which the FDA has data. That marks a nearly 500 percent increase from 2005, when imports fell short of 16 million pounds.
But pet owners are growing pickier about what they feed their cats and dogs, opting for organic, grain-free or other premium blends over less expensive food. The “premium” dog and cat food market hit a record-breaking $10 billion last year.