LOS ANGELES — The most Americans in more than 18 months signed contracts in November to buy homes, raising hopes that a boost in sales will follow, a real estate industry group reported Thursday.
An index of pending purchase agreements rose to 100.1 last month, up 7.3 percent from October, according to the National Association of Realtors. The reading is the highest since the gauge spiked to 111.5 in April 2010, when buyers rushed to take advantage of an expiring federal tax credit. The November increase followed a 10.4 percent gain from September to October.
A reading of 100 is typically considered a healthy level, according to the association. The index is up 5.9 percent from November 2010.
But economists cautioned that many potential buyers are canceling deals before the sale goes through.
“Housing affordability conditions are at a record high and there is pent-up demand from buyers who’ve been on the sidelines, but contract failures have been running unusually high,” Lawrence Yun, the realty group’s chief economist, said in a statement.
The latest jump in pending home sales could be a result of buyers’ recommitting to contracts after hashing out problems that had put deals on hold. Most home-buying agreements are finalized a month or two after a contract is signed.
The largest growth in signed contracts last month came in the West, with a 14.9 percent boost, followed by increases of 8.1 percent in the Northeast, 4.3 percent in the South and 3.3 percent in the Midwest.
Last week, the Commerce Department said housing starts were up 9.3 percent in November from October, even as statistics from DataQuick showed home sales down 4.2 percent in California in the same period (though they were up 4 percent from a year earlier).
Home prices have continued to fall in the nation’s largest cities, dropping 1.2 percent from September to October, according to the Standard & Poor’s/Case-Shiller index — probably leading some potential buyers to try to wait for the market to bottom out.