On Monday morning, at a White House summit on policies to help working families, Vice President Joe Biden reflected on his wealth. He said that while he wore a “mildly expensive suit” and was vice president of the United States of America, he didn’t own a stock or a bond, and as a senator was the poorest member of the club.
This bit is a long-standing part of Biden’s shtick, but was interpreted as a dig at possible presidential rival Hillary Clinton. The former secretary of state has been having trouble talking about her considerable wealth, ever since she described herself as “dead broke” upon leaving the White House as first lady.
It’s hard to know what motivates Biden to zoom down a rhetorical byway. His comments on Monday were particularly strange, given that the vice president’s disclosure statements show that he does have a stock portfolio, though it is owned by his wife. But even if that’s the case, Biden probably couldn’t help himself. Politicians find the poor-man routine so irresistible because it can be effective.
Politicians can’t help trying to connect. Tell them your hometown, and they’ll have a story and a relative from there. In a time of economic woe, they will try to show you that they have some connection to the most fundamental forces in a voter’s world.
The connection is powerful because it suggests to voters that the politician is going to work to address their problems. But candidates also try to make this connection because it’s one of the vital pathways to a voter’s heart. If you show voters that you have some understanding of their economic condition, they’ll listen to you. Better yet, they’ll support you without much further investigation.
While an economic connection can be potent, it can be easily broken. Mitt Romney talked about owning American cars – but that led to him talking about how many his wife had. He talked about liking NASCAR, but then mentioned that he knew a lot of NASCAR team owners. When President Obama picked the high price of arugula at Whole Foods as his example of people’s concerns at the checkout counter, he probably didn’t make inroads with a lot of voters.
Biden and Clinton are courting danger when they embroider their hard times. Dislike of phonies is a gut instinct. Clinton had just bought $2 million homes and signed an $8 million book contract at the time she said she was “dead broke.” Though Biden may not be as wealthy as others in his cohort, he is obviously set for life and as a long-serving senator was always on a far easier track than a struggling middle-class family.
Fellow feeling is not the only thing voters take into account. Liberals have long wondered why voters have put social issues above economic ones in certain parts of the country. Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., had a compelling story of his family’s struggles after his father died, but that story competes with his promotion of a budget plan that shreds social safety nets. Former Sens. John Edwards and Rick Santorum failed as candidates, even though they were able to connect to middle-class voters through their humble roots stories. Biden and Clinton failed, too, for that matter, but since the economy is going to dominate the next election (as it always does), more stories about pocketbook struggles are inevitable.