Amazon Army was a group of several thousand wives, sweethearts, and female relatives of striking miners who marched in December 1921 across the coalfields of southeast Kansas in courageous protest against unfair labor laws and practices. 1921. Crawford County. Courtesy
John R. Brinkley with this son "Little Johnny"
Ku Klux Klan burning a cross between 1920 and 1929. Courtesy
Members of the Ku Klux Klan carrying a flag at a gathering.
Date: Between 1920 and 1929 Courtesy
Topeka Ku Klux Klan members posed by an automobile at a rally in St. Joseph, Missouri.
Date: 1924 Courtesy
William Allen White, known as the "Sage of Emporia," from defending the 1st Amendment to fighting the Ku Klux Klan, the Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper editor was the primary voice of the American heartland for almost five decades. 1868-1944. Emporia. Courtesy
View looking north toward Fairmount College campus (now Wichita State University). Shows Fairmount Hall and Fiske Hall. East 17th Street and Fairmount Avenue intersect at right center.
John R. Brinkley shown with his wife Sarah Burnett and son John. Brinkley's rise to fame and fortune was as precipitous as his eventual fall; at the height of his career he had amassed millions of dollars and fancy cars, and yet died sick and nearly penniless, as a result of the large number of malpractice, wrongful death and fraud suits brought against him.
Clyde Tombaugh poses with the telescope through which he discovered the planet Pluto at the Lowell Observatory on Observatory Hill in Flagstaff, Ariz., 1931 Associated Press
Clyde Tombaugh uses the Zeiss Blink Comparator to search for the ninth planet in the solar system, now named Pluto, at Lowell Observatory near Flagstaff, Ariz., in this file photo circa 1930. Every schoolchild in Streator, Ill., is well-versed about the day in February 1930 when native son Tombaugh peered through his telescope at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Ariz., and noticed the tiny point of light that would later be called Pluto. Courtesy
John R. Brinkley was born on July 8, 1885 in Jackson County, North Carolina. He grew up in that area and attended medical schools in Chicago and Kansas City, Missouri, before setting up a medical practice in Milford, Kansas in 1917. He had received a degree from the Kansas City Eclectic Medical University on May 7, 1915. Brinkley took the Arkansas state medical board examination and received a license to practice in Kansas because of a reciprocity agreement between the two states. In addition to his medical practice, Brinkley operated a drugstore stocked with patent medicines. Shortly after moving to Milford, Brinkley reportedly transplanted a goat testicle into a human. The operation, aimed at sexual rejuvenation, was declared a success and gained Brinkley his "goat gland doctor" reputation.
John R. Brinkley also became involved in Kansas politics. It is generally believed that he entered the 1930 campaign for governor of Kansas to build popular support to offset the investigation being conducted by the Kansas State Medical Board. He announced his candidacy as an independent on September 23, 1930, too late for this name to appear on the ballot. Brinkley campaigned diligently, using his radio station to instruct listeners on the write-in procedure. The race was close with numerous Brinkley votes discarded for spelling and marking errors. The final totals for 1930 were 188,278 for Brinkley and 217,171 for Harry Woodring, the Democratic victor who defeated the Republican nominee Frank Haucke by 57 votes. Brinkley also ran for governor of Kansas in1932 and 1934.