As an artist, Aaron Douglas drew national attention for his artwork portraying African-American life shortly after the turn of the 20th century.
Douglas' paintings and illustrations depicted slavery, the birth of the blues and skyscrapers. His work appeared on book jackets, in national magazines and as murals on buildings.
He was born in Topeka in 1899, the son of a baker.
He was gifted in art, and his mother encouraged him. He graduated from the University of Nebraska in 1922, then taught art at a school in Topeka for two years.
He then joined other African-American artists, writers and musicians in Harlem in New York City.
In 1925, Douglas was selected to illustrate a special issue of Survey Graphic titled "Harlem: The Mecca of the New Negro" and a book by Alain Locke, "The New Negro."
In an oral history project for Fisk University years later, he said of Harlem:
"So many impressions I was getting. One was that of seeing a big city that was entirely black, from beginning to end you were impressed by the fact that black people were in charge of things and here was a black city and here was a situation that was eventually the center for the great in American Culture."
In 1927, Douglas illustrated James Weldon Johnson's book "God's Trombones: Seven Negro Sermons in Verse."
He became the first president of the Harlem Artists Guild, which helped African-American artists obtain projects under the Works Progress Administration.
He became a regular contributor to the NAACP's "The Crisis" magazine and The Urban League's "Opportunity" journal.
He was friends with poet/author Langston Hughes and created the artwork for Hughes' first book, "Not Without Laughter."
Douglas' distinctive style depicted the modernism of Art-Deco mixed with African-American themes.
Considered among some of his most important works are murals he was commissioned to paint at the Club Ebony in Harlem, the
Sherman Hotel in Chicago, the 135th branch of the New York Public Library and the Texas Centennial Exposition.
Question: Aaron Douglas was affectionately nicknamed the father of what?
Answer to Thursday's question: The federal government stepped in and paid Wichita about $9 million to relocate its airport.
Wichita Mid-Continent Airport was built and, in 1954, the old airport was officially dedicated as McConnell Air Force Base.
Check Kansas.com on Saturday for the answer to today's question.