WASHINGTON — Rose Percy has a long history with the American Red Cross.
Complete with an extensive wardrobe and her own Tiffany jewelry, this 23-inch wax doll was first sold for $1,200 back in 1864 to benefit the U.S. Sanitary Commission — the precursor to one of best-known U.S. charities.
Now, Rose Percy is on the auction block again.
Today, Percy will be sold in one of the first rounds of an extensive sale of treasures the American Red Cross has amassed over the decades.
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For the past two years, the charity has been working to erase a $209 million operating deficit — a shortfall that now stands at $33.5 million.
The national headquarters laid off a third of its 3,000 employees last year and made a rare appeal to Congress for help that produced a one-time, $100 million infusion. But the cost-cutting isn't over.
What once was a collection of more than 135,000 objects, images, books and reels of film kept in a Lorton, Va., warehouse outside Washington is being drastically scaled back. The warehouse will be closed next year to save $3 million annually.
"There's an opportunity for people to purchase a part of the Red Cross history and at the same time contribute to our humanitarian mission," said Red Cross spokesman Roger Lowe. At a time when many companies are cutting back on such vast archival collections, he said, the 128-year-old charity is asking itself, "Do I really need all of this?"
Many items predate the time in 1881 when Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in Washington. Some have been sent to the National Archives under a long-standing partnership.
The most historically significant art and objects will be kept at the Washington headquarters, and others will be auctioned in the largest sale in years, archivist Susan Watson said.
The charity will honor donor intent and keep its best and most historically significant art and objects, Lowe said. That will include original paintings by Norman Rockwell, Howard Chandler Christy and Henry Ossawa Tanner, among others.
Rockwell was commissioned to do paintings for the Red Cross as the basis of posters asking people to join or donate.
In the case of the uniform collection, there was room to pare back, Watson said. Some examples of nurse and officer uniforms — ranging from World War I to those worn by "doughnut dollies" in Vietnam — were kept. Some were sent to the National Archives.
"But even with all of that, there were still many, many duplicates," she said.
The online auctions began this month through Heritage Auction Galleries and will continue through February.
One document to be sold was responsible for saving a woman's life during the Holocaust. It was issued by the Swedish Red Cross in 1944 under Raoul Wallenberg in Hungary to provide safe passage for an Austrian Jewish chemist who was seeking refuge from the Nazis.
Jared Green, vice president of Heritage Auction Galleries, said they conservatively estimate the sale will bring in about $200,000.