Consumer spending up 1.1%
10/15/2011 12:00 AM
10/15/2011 12:09 AM
WASHINGTON — U.S. consumers stepped up their spending on retail goods in September, a hopeful sign for the sluggish economy.
They spent more on autos, clothing and furniture last month to boost retail sales 1.1 percent, the Commerce Department said Friday. It was the largest gain in seven months.
Auto sales rose 3.6 percent to drive the overall increase. Still, excluding that category, sales gained a solid 0.6 percent.
The government also revised the August figures to show a 0.3 percent increase, up from its initial report of no gain.
Stronger consumer spending could help tamp down concerns that the economy is at risk of a recession. Consumer spending is closely watched because it accounts for 70 percent of economic activity.
The increase "shows that households are not completely down and out," said Paul Dales, senior U.S. economist for Capital Economics. Dales said the data correspond with an annual growth rate of 2 percent for consumer spending growth in the July-September quarter.
Dales cautioned that weak hiring will likely prevent consumers from spending at this rate on a month-to-month basis.
"Sales growth is unlikely to remain this strong," he said. "So although a recession has become less likely, households still can't be relied on to drag the U.S. economy out of its continued malaise."
The jump in retail sales prompted some economists to boost their growth forecast for the July-September quarter. Dean Maki at Barclays Capital Research said his group raised its forecast to 2.5 percent, up from 2 percent.
Chris Christopher Jr., senior economist at IHS Global Insight, said the increase in spending was an improvement from the first half of the year. Still, he said overall growth was not enough to generate significant hiring gains.
"Do not break out the champagne. Things seem better on the consumer and retail fronts, but consumers still have many problems," he said.
The September gains were broad-based:
* Department stores sales increased 1.1 percent, a big turnaround from August when sales had fallen 0.5 percent. The drop was blamed in part on Hurricane Irene disrupting shopping along the East Coast.
* A larger category of general merchandise stores, which includes big-chain retailers including Wal-Mart and Target, showed a 0.7 percent rise last month after no gain in August.
* Specialty clothing stores sales rose 1.3 percent, after a 0.4 percent August drop.
* Sales were up 1.1 percent at furniture stores but edged down a slight 0.1 percent at hardware stores. That surprised economists, who expected more traffic from people seeking to repair damage from the hurricane.
* Gas station sales rose 1.2 percent.
The overall economy grew at an annual rate of 0.9 percent in the first six months of the year. That was the weakest growth since the recession ended in June 2009.
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