Place seed potatoes on the surface of the soil, and pile 12 to 18 inches of hay or straw on top, replenishing as needed. As the season progresses, the straw breaks down, and the potatoes grow up into it. You reach in and harvest when the plants flower for new potatoes, or wait for the foliage to die and harvest potatoes that can be stored. "It’s a no-dig tater. Can you dig that?" James said. "It’s really fun. And that clay soil won’t be clay soil anymore, because that hay is gonna rot. If you want to transform heavy clay, that’s my best tip."
• Heavy or severe pruning is done on well-established, vigorous plants to produce large, showy flowers. Prune back to three to four healthy canes with three to six eyes per cane. Canes normally will be 6 to 12 inches long.
• Moderate pruning is done on well-established, healthy plants and is designed to increase the number of flowers produced rather than increase flower size. Leave five to six healthy canes with at least seven buds per cane. Prune stems to 12 to 18 inches long.
• Light pruning rejuvenates plants after years of neglect or may be performed on newly established plants. Leave five to seven canes of about 18 inches or more in length. This helps maximize leaf area for energy production and rejuvenates plants.
“If your plants suffered a significant amount of winter damage,” Upham says, “they may need to be cut back more severely than even the heavy-pruning style. This will result in a few large flowers but in this case is your only option.”
Naturally brown junipers – Certain Eastern redcedar and various other junipers may look brown from a distance now, and it may be the male flowers. They are on the tips of the foliage and look somewhat like a cross between a miniature hand grenade and a pinecone, Upham says.