WASHINGTON — The al-Qaida Internet magazine that a federal law enforcement investigator says guided the Tsarnaev brothers to build two Boston Marathon bombs has become increasingly popular in radical circles.
Inspire magazine, co-founded and once edited by a former Charlotte, N.C., man, has reportedly been used or cited by multiple terrorism suspects in recent years as inspiration for their attempts to carry out attacks in the United States. Investigators say suspects have been particularly attracted to one article titled Make a Bomb in the Kitchen of Your Mom.
The founders, editor Samir Khan a U.S. citizen who once penned, I am proud to be a traitor to America and radical American-born cleric Anwar al-Awlaki, have become cause celebs in the extremist world for their propaganda work, including creating the flashy magazine that delivers incendiary messages with, as one expert said, the spark and crackle of Vanity Fair.
Khan, a Charlotte resident before moving to Yemen in 2009, and al-Awlaki were killed on Sept. 30, 2011, when an unmanned U.S. drone fired missiles at their vehicle as it drove through the desert. Al-Awlaki was the target.
The online magazine continues to be produced, but its unclear by whom.
Lying in a Boston hospital bed, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, 19, passed notes to investigators stating that he and his older brother, Tamerlan, killed in a police shootout, learned how to make the shrapnel-jammed, pressure-cooker bombs from the Web magazine, according to a federal law enforcement official familiar with the matter who insisted upon anonymity because the investigation is ongoing. The two explosions killed three people and injured more than 260 others.
Inspire magazine, launched in 2010, gave al-Qaida and proliferating affiliated groups a foot in the door in their attempts to foment violence and convert people like the Tsarnaevs to terrorism, said Bruce Hoffman, director of Georgetown Universitys Security Studies Program.
Plant the seed
They just plant the seed, and they hope someone will be fertilized somewhere, said Hoffman, whose comments about Inspire have been quoted by the magazine. You can ponder how to be a terrorist, but if you have no means to actually get off the dime and become one, you may not go anywhere. Thats why I think things like Inspire and How to make a bomb in your moms kitchen are so important. They give people the confidence, or you might say the hubris, to make that next step.
Its unclear how successful the magazine has been in recruiting U.S. terrorists, but the dilemma for governments around the world is how to stop it. The Internet transcends international borders and is hard to police, and while Inspires quarterly issues are routinely taken down by host servers, they reappear elsewhere.
Inspire magazines influence has been documented in several U.S. terrorism cases, some in which suspects tried to use its bomb-making instructions to carry out attacks.
Law enforcement officials reportedly found a copy of the same Inspire article in the hotel room of Army Pfc. Naser Jason Abdo, who was accused in 2011 of plotting a deadly copycat attack on soldiers at Fort Hood, Texas, just two years after the 2009 shooting rampage by Maj. Nidal Hasan.
Jose Pimentel was arrested in November 2011 by New York law enforcement after allegedly turning to Inspire magazine for bomb-building instructions in a foiled plot to blow up police and post offices in New York City. And Abdel Daoud wrote in a jihad-related Internet forum before he was arrested last year in a foiled Chicago bomb plot that Inspire was the best magazine I have read.
Tamerlan Tsarnaev is thought to have instigated the marathon attack after turning devoutly religious, according to the federal law enforcement official. The Islamic Society of Boston said the Tsarnaev brothers were neither members nor regular attendees of its mosque just blocks from their Cambridge, Mass., home but that Tamerlan Tsarnaev twice interrupted a service. Mosque representatives said he was counseled about inappropriate outbursts.
Nichole Mossalam, the mosques executive director, said Tamerlan once stood up during a sermon and challenged a religious leader who was saying that it was permissible for Muslims to celebrate American holidays such as the Fourth of July and Thanksgiving. In January, Tamerlan stood up during a sermon and shouted a challenge to a leader who called Martin Luther King Jr. a person of historic significance, calling the speaker a nonbeliever who was contaminating peoples minds, Mossalam said. Tamerlan left the sermon after participants told him to leave.